According to World Psychiatry, it estimates between 10 and 20% of young people in the world have mental health disorders. (Kessler et al. 2003)
People are feeling the pressure, and it has gradually become more and more serious with the development of our cities. But there is currently limited space in society that can help people relieve and release the pressure they are feeling under.
And just like ignoring people, many of our old buildings are also being ignored.
China is not only one of the most populous countries in the world, but there will be at least one air-raid shelter in every city in China, and with the disappearance of the war, the air-raid shelter has also become abandoned. This is where the concept emerged, to bring the two elements together.
Continuing the architectural life and significance of air-raid shelters, turning the original concept of the space to protect people’s lives, transforming it into a psychological safe shelter and protect people’s mental health.
Repurposing old buildings does not mean that the character of the structures disappears completely, it’s important to recognise its original intent, whilst at the same time, bringing it into the 21st Century and connecting it with social needs of now.
The air-raid shelter is located on Zhongshan Road in Yubei District, Chongqing city, China. It surrounded by commercial buildings, schools and various types of residential buildings. Because it is adjacent to the main road, the traffic is very developed.
My concept is hideaway to relax. It means that people can steal a little time in a busy life to relax. Just like when the battery is too low, people need to charge it for a while to continue using it. In here, people can choose the different way of relaxation.
Limited space can meet the needs of different groups of people. Divide the space into three main spaces. The first room is the vent space, and the second room is the peaceful space and the most important social space. Use the newly built structure to change the layout of the air-raid shelter to make it softer and more relaxing.
There are historical building relics above the air-raid shelter, and the original structure cannot be destroyed when the air-raid shelter is redesign. Therefore, I design function of the space is based on the circulation and the location of the area.
The original structure of the air-raid shelter is very stable, so there is no need to add building structure. But because I want to change the curvature of the wall, I want to use wooden boards as the material for the new structure. Like the flow reception designed by Liam, the curved wooden boards are inserted and assembled. Through the gap between the planks, people can still see the original wall, and it will be contrasted with the new structure. In the peaceful space, the wall needs to be repainted with cement. Because the LED light needs to be projected on the wall, the smoothness of the wall is very important. At the entrance, different colours of light strips will be used as visual guidance in the space, guiding people to find the area they want to go.
The choice of furniture is mainly of a simple style with lines contouring the shape. Because the light strips and curved walls are streamlined, streamlined furniture will make the space more integrated.
In the process of research, I discovered that many people in society now suffer from various degrees of psychological anxiety and stress. When anxiety and stress accumulate, people will have more serious mental illnesses and may even commit suicide. In the current society, there is almost no room for people to release their stress and calm their moods.
People can use an explosive way to paint, and they can quietly paint blocks to relieve stress. They can also sit quietly and watch the changes of led lights, spend free time, relax the brain, isolate network information and smartphones. They also can drink something to meet new friends and share and share their stories.